On occasion, the application developer requires finer grained control over the lifecycle of JTA transactions and JPA Entity Managers than the defaults provided by the Java EE container. This example shows how the developer can override these defaults and take control of aspects of the lifecycle of JPA and transactions.
This example demonstrates how to manually manage transaction demarcation while accessing JPA entities in Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform.
When you run this example, you will be provided with a
Use bean managed Entity Managers checkbox.
* If you check the checkbox, it shows the developer responsibilities when injecting an Entity Manager into a managed (stateless) bean.
* If you uncheck the checkbox, shows the developer responsibilities when using JPA and transactions with an unmanaged component.
JBoss EAP ships with H2, an in-memory database written in Java. This example shows how to transactionally insert key value pairs into the H2 database and demonstrates the requirements on the developer with respect to the JPA Entity Manager.
Note: This quickstart uses the H2 database included with JBoss EAP 6. It is a lightweight, relational example datasource that is used for examples only. It is not robust or scalable and should NOT be used in a production environment!
NOTE: A Java EE container is designed with robustness in mind, so you should carefully analyse the scaleabiltiy, concurrency and performance needs of you application before taking advantage of these techniques in your own applications.
The application this project produces is designed to be run on Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6.1 or later.
All you need to build this project is Java 6.0 (Java SDK 1.6) or later, Maven 3.0 or later.
If you have not yet done so, you must Configure Maven before testing the quickstarts.
The following shows the command line to start the server:
For Linux: EAP_HOME/bin/standalone.sh For Windows: EAP_HOME\bin\standalone.bat
NOTE: The following build command assumes you have configured your Maven user settings. If you have not, you must include Maven setting arguments on the command line. See Build and Deploy the Quickstarts for complete instructions and additional options.
Type this command to build and deploy the archive:
mvn clean install jboss-as:deploy
target/jboss-bmt.warto the running instance of the server.
The application will be running at the following URL: http://localhost:8080/jboss-bmt/.
You will be presented with a simple form for adding key/value pairs and a checkbox to indicate whether the updates should be executed using an unmanaged component. Effectively this will run the transaction and JPA updates in the servlet, not session beans. If the box is checked then the updates will be executed within a session bean method.
Note: You will see the following warning in the server log. You can ignore this warning.
HHH000431: Unable to determine H2 database version, certain features may not work
When you are finished testing, type this command to undeploy the archive:
You can also start the server and deploy the quickstarts from Eclipse using JBoss tools. For more information, see Use JBoss Developer Studio or Eclipse to Run the Quickstarts
If you want to debug the source code or look at the Javadocs of any library in the project, run either of the following commands to pull them into your local repository. The IDE should then detect them.
mvn dependency:sources mvn dependency:resolve -Dclassifier=javadoc