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bmt: Bean Managed Transactions with JPA and JTA

What is it?

The bmt quickstart demonstrates how to manually manage transaction demarcation while accessing JPA entities in Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform.

On occasion, the application developer requires finer grained control over the lifecycle of JTA transactions and JPA Entity Managers than the defaults provided by the Java EE container. This example shows how the developer can override these defaults and take control of aspects of the lifecycle of JPA and transactions.

When you run this example, you will be provided with a Use bean managed Entity Managers checkbox. * If you check the checkbox, it shows the developer responsibilities when injecting an Entity Manager into a managed (stateless) bean. * If you uncheck the checkbox, shows the developer responsibilities when using JPA and transactions with an unmanaged component.

JBoss EAP ships with H2, an in-memory database written in Java. This example shows how to transactionally insert key value pairs into the H2 database and demonstrates the requirements on the developer with respect to the JPA Entity Manager.

Note: This quickstart uses the H2 database included with Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6. It is a lightweight, relational example datasource that is used for examples only. It is not robust or scalable, is not supported, and should NOT be used in a production environment!

Note: This quickstart uses a *-ds.xml datasource configuration file for convenience and ease of database configuration. These files are deprecated in JBoss EAP 6.4 and should not be used in a production environment. Instead, you should configure the datasource using the Management CLI or Management Console. Datasource configuration is documented in the Administration and Configuration Guide for Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform.

NOTE: A Java EE container is designed with robustness in mind, so you should carefully analyze the scalabiltiy, concurrency, and performance needs of your application before taking advantage of these techniques in your own applications.

System requirements

The application this project produces is designed to be run on Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6.1 or later.

All you need to build this project is Java 6.0 (Java SDK 1.6) or later, Maven 3.0 or later.

Configure Maven

If you have not yet done so, you must Configure Maven before testing the quickstarts.


In the following instructions, replace EAP_HOME with the actual path to your JBoss EAP 6 installation. The installation path is described in detail here: Use of EAP_HOME and JBOSS_HOME Variables.

Start the JBoss EAP Server

  1. Open a command prompt and navigate to the root of the JBoss EAP directory.
  2. The following shows the command line to start the server:

     For Linux:   EAP_HOME/bin/
     For Windows: EAP_HOME\bin\standalone.bat

Build and Deploy the Quickstart

NOTE: The following build command assumes you have configured your Maven user settings. If you have not, you must include Maven setting arguments on the command line. See Build and Deploy the Quickstarts for complete instructions and additional options.

  1. Make sure you have started the JBoss EAP server as described above.
  2. Open a command prompt and navigate to the root directory of this quickstart.
  3. Type this command to build and deploy the archive:

     mvn clean install jboss-as:deploy
  4. This will deploy target/jboss-bmt.war to the running instance of the server.

Access the application

The application will be running at the following URL: http://localhost:8080/jboss-bmt/.

You will be presented with a simple form for adding key/value pairs and a checkbox to indicate whether the updates should be executed using an unmanaged component. Effectively this will run the transaction and JPA updates in the servlet, not session beans. If the box is checked then the updates will be executed within a session bean method.

  1. To list all pairs leave the key input box empty.
  2. To add or update the value of a key fill in the key and value input boxes.
  3. Press the submit button to see the results.

Server Log: Expected warnings and errors

Note: You will see the following warnings in the server log. You can ignore these warnings.

JBAS010489: -ds.xml file deployments are deprecated. Support may be removed in a future version.

HHH000431: Unable to determine H2 database version, certain features may not work

Undeploy the Archive

  1. Make sure you have started the JBoss EAP server as described above.
  2. Open a command prompt and navigate to the root directory of this quickstart.
  3. When you are finished testing, type this command to undeploy the archive:

     mvn jboss-as:undeploy

Run the Quickstart in Red Hat JBoss Developer Studio or Eclipse

You can also start the server and deploy the quickstarts or run the Arquillian tests from Eclipse using JBoss tools. For general information about how to import a quickstart, add a JBoss EAP server, and build and deploy a quickstart, see Use JBoss Developer Studio or Eclipse to Run the Quickstarts

Debug the Application

If you want to debug the source code of any library in the project, run the following command to pull the source into your local repository. The IDE should then detect it.

    mvn dependency:sources

Recent Changelog

  • Mar 4, 2015(Sande Gilda):Bz1198744 Update README JBDS instructions to be more clear
  • Feb 10, 2015(Sande Gilda):Bz1188379 Add warning about deprecated deployment files in server log
  • Feb 3, 2015(Sande Gilda):Bz1188379 Update warnings for H2 and use of ds.xml files
  • Feb 3, 2015(Sande Gilda):Update the quickstart README files to point to the new shared EAP_HOME and Build and Deploy instructions
  • Jan 22, 2015(Sande Gilda):Bz1185085 Update README files to use full product name for JBDS
  • Dec 18, 2014(Sande Gilda):Bz1092026 Update README Target Product metadata value remove Product Versions metadata and make sure the full product name is near the top of the files
  • Dec 18, 2014(Sande Gilda):Bz1175766 Add warning about H2 database to quickstarts where it is missing. Also update the message to use full product name
  • Dec 17, 2014(Sande Gilda):Bz1175360 Update Hibernate ERROR message note with pointer to JIRA
  • Nov 12, 2014(Sande Gilda):Bz1163165 Try to make technologies metadata more consistent
  • Nov 6, 2014(Sande Gilda):Bz1160776 prepare for google search and fix typos
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